Mode 1 knowledge is historically the traditional way of teaching. Teachers during the 19th century possessed the knowledge enabling them to teach students but they lacked the skills to deliver it effectively. Mode 1 knowledge is seen as authoritative and teacher-centred in the way students learn.
All schools, universities and educational institutions now incorporating Mode 2 knowledge. Teachers are now educated to be able to adapt to change and make the learning experience more student-centred.
Gregory Heath RMIT University Retrieved March 9, 2010 http://www.aare.edu.au/01pap/hea01582.htm